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can breast cancer happen to males

can breast cancer happen to males插图

Which men are more likely to get breast cancer?

The older a man is, the more likely he is to get breast cancer. However, breast cancer is much less common in men than in women (see Figure 2.1 below). Age at diagnosis. The median age of diagnosis of breast cancer for men in the U.S. is 68 . The median is the middle value of a group of numbers, so about half of men with breast cancer are diagnosed before age 68 and about half are diagnosed after age 68.

What percent of males get breast cancer?

Men have less breast tissue than women and fewer than 1 percent of men develop breast cancer, so national cancer screening guidelines do not recommend regular screening mammograms for men. However, if a doctor suspects breast cancer, a diagnostic mammogram may be needed to look for malignant tumors.

Is male breast cancer life threatening?

Sadly, the answer is yes—men can also develop breast cancer. Although breast cancer is far less common in men, it can be a life-threatening condition. No matter what sex you are, you should be aware of breast cancer signs and symptoms if they arise. I’m a Man.

How many men are diagnosed with breast cancer?

In the U.S., there are around 2,650 cases each year and approximately 1 in 830 men will get breast cancer in their lifetime. Since men are usually less familiar with its signs and symptoms—and because many are unaware that they can be affected by it—their breast cancer is often not diagnosed until it’s in a later, more advanced stage.

What Can I Do to Reduce My Risk?

Your doctor may refer you for genetic counseling. In men, mutations in the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes can increase the risk of breast cancer, high-grade prostate cancer, and pancreatic cancer.

What is ductal carcinoma in situ?

Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) is a breast disease that may lead to invasive breast cancer. The cancer cells are only in the lining of the ducts, and have not spread to other tissues in the breast.

What are the most common types of breast cancer?

The most common kinds of breast cancer in men are the same kinds in women—. Invasive ductal carcinoma. The cancer cells grow outside the ducts into other parts of the breast tissue. Invasive cancer cells can also spread, or metastasize, to other parts of the body. Invasive lobular carcinoma.

What are the conditions that affect the testicles?

Conditions that affect the testicles. Injury to, swelling in, or surgery to remove the testicles can increase breast cancer risk. Liver disease. Cirrhosis (scarring) of the liver can lower androgen levels and raise estrogen levels in men, increasing the risk of breast cancer. Overweight and obesity.

How old do you have to be to get breast cancer?

Getting older. The risk for breast cancer increases with age. Most breast cancers are found after age 50.

Where do lobular carcinoma cells spread?

Invasive lobular carcinoma. Cancer cells begin in the lobules and then spread from the lobules to the breast tissues that are close by. These invasive cancer cells can also spread to other parts of the body.

How can men lower their risk of a syphilis?

All men can lower their risk by keeping a healthy weight and exercising regularly.

What are the lymph nodes?

The lymph system is a network of lymph (or lymphatic) vessels found throughout the body. The lymph vessels carry lymph fluid and connect lymph nodes. Lymph nodes are small, bean-shaped collections of immune system cells. Lymph vessels are like small veins, except that they carry a clear fluid called lymph (instead of blood) away from the breast. Lymph contains tissue fluid and waste products, as well as immune system cells. Breast cancer cells can enter lymph vessels and start to grow in lymph nodes. Most of the lymph vessels of the breast drain into: 1 Lymph nodes under the arm (axillary nodes) 2 Lymph nodes around the collar bone (supraclavicular [above the collar bone] and infraclavicular [below the collar bone] lymph nodes) 3 Lymph nodes inside the chest near the breast bone (internal mammary lymph nodes)

What is the most common breast disorder in men?

Gynecomastia. Gynecomastia is the most common male breast disorder. It is not a tumor but rather an increase in the amount of a man's breast tissue. Usually, men have too little breast tissue to be felt or noticed.

How does breast cancer spread?

How breast cancer spreads. Breast cancer can spread when the cancer cells get into the blood or lymph system and are carried to other parts of the body. The lymph system is a network of lymph (or lymphatic) vessels found throughout the body. The lymph vessels carry lymph fluid and connect lymph nodes.

What happens to breast tissue after puberty?

Even after puberty, boys and men normally have low levels of female hormones, and breast tissue doesn’t grow much. Men's breast tissue has ducts, but only a few if any lobules.

What is the risk of Klinefelter syndrome?

Klinefelter syndrome, a rare genetic condition, can lead to gynecomastia as well as increase a man's risk of developing breast cancer. This condition is discussed further in Risk Factors for Breast Cancer in Men.

Why is gynecomastia common in teenage boys?

Gynecomastia is common among teenage boys because the balance of hormones in the body changes during adolescence. It is also common in older men due to changes in their hormone balance.

How many male breast cancers are IDCs?

At least 8 out of 10 male breast cancers are IDCs (alone or mixed with other types of invasive or in situ breast cancer). Because the male breast is much smaller than the female breast, all male breast cancers start relatively close to the nipple, so they are more likely to spread to the nipple.

Why is lobular carcinoma rare?

Cancer that begins in the milk-producing glands (lobular carcinoma). This type is rare in men because they have few lobules in their breast tissue.

What does it mean when your breast is red?

A painless lump or thickening in your breast tissue. Changes to the skin covering your breast, such as dimpling, puckering, redness or scaling. Changes to your nipple, such as redness or scaling, or a nipple that begins to turn inward. Discharge from your nipple.

How does breast cancer spread?

Doctors know that male breast cancer occurs when some breast cells divide more rapidly than healthy cells do. The accumulating cells form a tumor that may spread (metastasize) to nearby tissue, to the lymph nodes or to other parts of the body.

What is the genetic condition in which a boy has more than one copy of the X chromosome?

Family history of breast cancer. If you have a close family member with breast cancer, you have a greater chance of developing the disease. Klinefelter's syndrome. This genetic syndrome occurs when boys are born with more than one copy of the X chromosome.

What is the tissue that is born with breasts?

Everyone is born with a small amount of breast tissue. Breast tissue consists of milk-producing glands (lobules), ducts that carry milk to the nipples, and fat. During puberty, women begin developing more breast tissue, and men do not. But because men are born with a small amount of breast tissue, they can develop breast cancer.

What causes abnormal development of testicles?

Klinefelter's syndrome causes abnormal development of the testicles. As a result, men with this syndrome produce lower levels of certain male hormones (androgens) and more female hormones (estrogens). Liver disease.

What to do if you have a family history of cancer?

Your doctor may recommend that you meet with a genetic counselor in order to consider genetic testing to see if you carry genes that increase your risk of cancer.

Why do men need chemotherapy after breast surgery?

You may have chemotherapy after surgery to lower the risk of the cancer coming back. For men with advanced cancer or cancer that has spread to other parts of the body, chemotherapy may be the primary treatment. Hormone therapy. Some kinds of breast cancer need certain hormones to grow.

What age do men get breast cancer?

Most breast cancers in men happen between ages 60 and 70. Other things that raise the odds for male breast cancer include: Breast cancer in a close female relative. History of radiation exposure of the chest. Enlarged breasts ( gynecomastia) because of drug or hormone treatments, some infections, or poisons.

How do you know if you have breast cancer in men?

Symptoms. Symptoms of breast cancer in men are similar to those in women. Most male breast cancers are diagnosed when a man finds a lump on his chest. But men tend to delay going to the doctor until they have more severe symptoms, like bleeding from the nipple. By that point, the cancer may have spread.

What are the techniques used to diagnose breast cancer in women?

The same techniques that are used to diagnose breast cancer in women are used in men: physical exams, mammography, and biopsies (looking at small samples of tissue under a microscope).

Why is breast cancer diagnosed later in men?

This may be because men are less likely to be suspicious of something strange in that area.

What is the procedure to remove breast cancer?

Breast-conserving surgery -- in which only the tumor is taken out -- is sometimes done. Often, the surgeon also takes out one or more lymph nodes to see if the cancer has spread. Radiation therapy. You may have treatment with radioactive rays or particles after surgery.

Does hormone therapy help breast cancer?

Hormone therapy. Some kinds of breast cancer need certain hormones to grow. This therapy blocks the effects of these hormones, stopping the cancer’s growth. It often works better in men than in women because about 90% of men’s cancers are hormone receptor -positive.

What is the most common type of breast cancer?

Invasive ductal carcinoma: Cancer begins in the breast ducts and spreads to other parts of the breast. Cancer cells may also spread ( metastasize) to other areas of the body. Invasive (or infiltrating) ductal carcinoma is the most common type of breast cancer in people regardless of gender.

How do you classify breast cancer?

After diagnosing breast cancer, providers classify the disease using a process called staging. Providers measure the tumor and look at its location. They determine whether the tumor has spread to lymph nodes, surrounding breast tissue or other parts of your body. Lymph nodes are small organs that move fluid through the body and help protect you from illness.

What causes estrogen levels to rise?

Estrogen levels: Certain drugs that contain estrogen (such as medications to treat prostate cancer) cause estrogen levels to rise. Cirrhosis (liver disease) can also increase estrogen levels. A genetic disorder called Klinefelter syndrome increases the risk of several health issues, including breast cancer.

How to find cancer cells in breast tissue?

To look for cancer cells in breast tissue, your provider may do a biopsy. Using a thin needle, your provider removes a sample of the breast tissue and sends it to a lab. The lab tests the tissue for cancer cells.

What are the risks of breast cancer in men?

What are other risks for male breast cancer? The risk of breast cancer may increase if a man has a history of one or more of the following: A first degree relative with breast cancer. A genetic mutation such as BRCA1 or BRCA2, PTEN and CHEK2.

How big is a tumor in the armpit?

The tumor is smaller than 20 millimeters (mm) and has spread to a few axillary lymph nodes. Axillary nodes are lymph nodes in the armpit.

What is the best way to test for breast cancer?

Your provider may take a sample of your blood ( complete blood count or CBC and complete metabolic panel or CMP) and send it to a lab.

What percentage of breast cancers are caused by BRCA2 mutations?

BRCA2 inherited gene mutations and genetic testing. While 5-10 percent of breast cancers in women are thought to be due to inherited gene mutations, up to 40 percent of breast cancers in men may be related to BRCA2 inherited gene mutations alone [ 128 ].

How many men have BRCA1 mutations?

About 12 in 1,000 men with a BRCA1 inherited gene mutation. About 1 in 769 men (up to any age) in the general population. Men who have a BRCA1/2 gene mutation also have an increased risk for prostate cancer, pancreatic cancer and melanoma ( BRCA2 gene mutations only) [ 81-82,85,120,122-123,144-145 ].

What does it mean when you pull in your nipple?

Pulling in of the nipple (inverted nipple) or other parts of the breast. Nipple discharge (rare) These may also be signs of a benign (not cancer) breast condition. Because men tend to have much less breast tissue than women, some of these signs can be easier to notice in men than in women.

How many people will die from breast cancer in 2021?

In 2021, it’s estimated that among men in the U.S., there will be [ 132 ]: 1 2,650 new cases of invasive breast cancer (includes new cases of primary breast cancer, but not recurrences of original breast cancers) 2 530 breast cancer deaths

Why do men get gynecomastia?

It’s the most common benign breast condition in men. Gynecomastia results from a hormone imbalance in the body. Some diseases, hormone use, obesity and other hormone changes can cause this imbalance [ 117 ]. For example, boys can get a temporary form of gynecomastia during puberty.

What is a benign breast?

Benign breast conditions (also known as benign breast diseases) are noncancerous disorders of the breast. The most common benign breast condition in men is gynecomastia.

Where does breast cancer start?

Types of breast cancer in men. Most male breast cancers begin in the milk ducts of the breast (invasive ductal carcinomas). Fewer than 2 percent of male breast cancers begin in the lobules of the breast (invasive lobular carcinoma) [ 115,143 ].

can breast cancer happen to males
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