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how did pericles directly involve male citizens in athens government

how did pericles directly involve male citizens in athens government插图

The Age of Pericleswas between 461 B.C and 429 B.C when Periclesovertook Athenianpolitics and involved direct democracy because by expanding the governmentand involvement of the Athenian people it made every malecitizen take part in mass meetings for government decision making.

What did Pericles do for Athens?

Pericles was an Athenian statesman. Under his leadership Athenian democracy and the Athenian empire flourished, making Athens the political and cultural focus of Greece between the Greco-Persian and Peloponnesian wars.

What was Pericles argument against the Allies?

Pericles argued that the allies were paying for their defense, and, if that was assured, Athens did not have to account for how the money was actually spent. The argument ended in ostracism in 443; Thucydides went into exile for 10 years, leaving Pericles unchallenged.

What were Pericles'achievements?

His achievements included the construction of the Acropolis, begun in 447. Knowledge of the life of Pericles derives largely from two sources. The historian Thucydides admired him profoundly and refused to criticize him.

What was the plague that killed Pericles?

In the second year of the Peloponnesian War a plague struck Athens, which was crowded with evacuees from the countryside, killing perhaps a quarter of the city’s inhabitants. Pericles was among its victims. Scientists and historians have tried to identify the disease responsible based on the descriptions of Thucydides, but no consensus exists.

Was Pericles married?

Pericles married in his late 20s but divorced some 10 years later. Approaching 50, he began a relationship with Aspasia of Miletus. Because of a law he supported restricting Athenian citizenship to those of Athenian parentage on both sides, marriage was impossible. When his two legitimate sons died, their son Pericles had to be legitimated.

What is Pericles remembered for?

Pericles is perhaps best remembered for a building program centred on the Acropolis which included the Parthenon and for a funeral oration he gave early in the Peloponnesian War, as recorded by Thucydides. In the speech he honoured the fallen and held up Athenian democracy as an example to the rest of Greece.

How did Pericles die?

In the second year of the Peloponnesian War a plague struck Athens, which was crowded with evacuees from the countryside, killing perhaps a quarter of the city’s inhabitants. Pericles was among its victims. Scientists and historians have tried to identify the disease responsible based on the descriptions of Thucydides, but no consensus exists.

What was the law in 451?

In 451 or 450 Pericles carried a law confining Athenian citizenship to those of Athenian parentage on both sides. No source provides any background to this proposal; it is not even clear whether it was retroactive. A correct assessment is vital for understanding Pericles, but explanations vary considerably; some argue that Pericles was merely forging a low-level political weapon for use against Cimon, who had a foreign mother. The upper classes certainly had no prejudice against foreign marriages; the lower classes may well have had more, and, on the whole, it is possible to view Pericles here as championing exclusivist tendencies against immigrants who might break down the fabric of Athenian society.

What is Damon's influence on Athens?

The only name associated with his early education is that of the musical theorist Damon, whose influence, it is said, was not just confined to music. The arrival of the Sophist philosophers in Athens occurred during his middle life, and he seems to have taken full advantage of the society of Zeno and particularly Anaxagoras, from whom he is said to have learned impassivity in the face of trouble and insult and skepticism about alleged divine phenomena.

What was Pericles' mother's curse?

His Alcmaeonid mother, Agariste, provided him with relationships of sharply diminishing political value and her family curse, a religious defilement that was occasionally used against him by his enemies. A few days before Pericles’ birth, according to the Greek historian Herodotus, Agariste dreamed she bore a lion. The symbolism, although ambiguous, is most likely to be unfavourable. That Pericles’ skull was of unusual shape seems well attested, but one can hardly speculate about the possible psychological consequences.

When was Xanthippus ostracized?

Perhaps outbid in his search for popular support, Xanthippus was ostracized in 484 bce, though he returned in 480 to command the Athenian force at Mycale in 479, probably dying soon after. From him Pericles may have inherited a leaning toward the people, along with landed property at Cholargus, just north of Athens, which put him high, though not quite at the highest level, on the Athenian pyramid of wealth.

how did pericles directly involve male citizens in athens government
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