The main differences between male and female ball pythons are:Male ball pythons are smaller in size,whereas females are thicker and heavier.Male ball pythons have more pronounced anal spurs,whereas most females have very small anal spurs.Male ball pythons have short,square,blunt tails,whereas female ball pythons have longer and pointier tails.
How to tell the sex of a ball python?
In females there is no bulge and tapering of tail is gradual. Another sign that might help you determine the sex of your ball python is body size and weight. In general, female ball pythons get bigger and heavier than males. If your ball python is still young and is growing faster, it could be a female. Females also tend to have bigger heads.
Do ball pythons get bigger with age?
With ball pythons, weight is equally important and even more critical regarding sexual maturity. Length differs by age for males and females, with females getting longer faster than male ball pythons. This chart demonstrates general length by age. Remember, these are general guidelines to follow, not exact measurements guaranteed.
Why do male ball pythons have thicker tails?
As a result of having the organs, the male’s tail shape is affected to make room for and protect the sex organs. The male’s tail stays about the same size until right before the tail ends. At the end, the tails size tapers quickly to the point. Overall, this gives the male ball python a thicker-looking tail.
Do male ball pythons have spurs?
Both male and female ball pythons have spurs, but spurs in males are often larger and slightly more hooked inwards. Spurs are small leg-like structures from both sides of the cloaca. These spurs are used when mating, climbing and fighting. However, looking at spurs is not a surefire way to tell your ball python’s gender.
How to tell if a Python ball is a python?
Popping is a way to tell your ball python’s gender when it’s still a hatchling, but can be used with adult ball pythons too. That’s because during the first couple of months, a ball python doesn’t have full control over its hemipenes yet (if a male), so you can use this method easily.
How to tell if a male cloaca has a spur?
Because males have hemipenes at the base of their cloaca, you might notice a bulge there.
How to tell a ball Python gender?
Some of the characteristics include: Spur size. Hemipenal bulge. Tail tapering.
What does a ball Python tail look like?
The tail base might look more ‘square’ in shape in males. Also, in male ball python’s, their tail tapers down more sharply at the end. In females there is no bulge and tapering of tail is gradual.
What does it mean when a probe doesn't reach far?
But if a probe doesn’t reach too far, it would mean that your ball python is a female. Please do not attempt popping/probing if unsure or if you don’t have necessary experience, or you could injure your ball python.
How to open vent scale?
With this method, you need to put a thumb on the vent scale, and gently pull it forward to open the vent . Another thumb is placed on the base of the tail and then some pressure is applied in an attempt to evert hemipenes (if it’s a male).
What is a probe rod?
For this method, a thin and long lubricated probe rod is pushed inside a ball python’s cloaca. Ball python’s have two hemipenes, so a probe can be inserted from both sides.
How to tell if a snake is sex?
Manual eversion of a snake's hemipenes – often called "popping" – is another technique that can provide clues about a snake's sex. To evert a snake's hemipenes, an experienced keeper or your veterinarian can apply gentle, rolling pressure (like squeezing a tube of toothpaste) to the snake's tail base. This usually causes a snake's hemipenes – if present – to pop out of the vent.
How to get a snake's hemipenes out of vent?
To evert a snake's hemipenes, an experienced keeper or your veterinarian can apply gentle, rolling pressure (like squeezing a tube of toothpaste) to the snake's tail base. This usually causes a snake's hemipenes – if present – to pop out of the vent.
What is the purpose of a snake probe?
Probing is a technique in which a keeper or veterinarian gently inserts a smooth steel rod into a snake's vent to determine the snake's sex. When the probe passes into the vent of a male, it enters one of the two inverted hemipenes; when the probe passes into the vent of a female, it enters one of hemipene homologs.
What are the organs of a snake?
Male snakes have two intromittent organs called hemipenes (singular: hemipenis). These hemipenes reside inside the tail base when not in use. When mating, males evert one of the hemipenes and insert it into the female's vent, allowing for the transfer of sperm. Females have no hemipenes, although they have small pockets attached to the cloacal wall that are homologs of hemipenes.
What are the two small clawlike appendages called?
Called spurs, these structures are the vestigial remnants of rear legs. Males use them to stimulate and position females during mating, so their spurs are normally larger than females'.
Where do hemipenes reside?
These hemipenes reside inside the tail base when not in use. When mating, males evert one of the hemipenes and insert it into the female's vent, allowing for the transfer of sperm. Females have no hemipenes, although they have small pockets attached to the cloacal wall that are homologs of hemipenes.
Can you evert a ball python?
Alternatively, if your ball python is very young, your veterinarian may be able try to manually evert the specimen's reproductive organs, although this option does not always provide conclusive results. Video of the Day.
Female Ball Python tail vs male
One of the most persistent myths about sexing Ball Pythons was that you could tell their sex by looking at their tails. The belief was that males had longer, broader tails than females. While this may be true for some colubrid species, like Corn Snakes, it really doesn’t apply to Ball Pythons.
Male vs female Ball Python spurs
The next big myth regarding Ball Python gender is to do with their pelvic spurs. These are the spiky little hook-shaped processes that you can see at the base of their tails. Inside the body, these spurs are attached to a small vestigial ilium (pelvic girdle) bone that is left over from the time when snakes had legs.
How to pop a Ball Python
The first thing to know about popping Ball Pythons is that it is way easier to pop juveniles than adults. I never pop adults, purely because I don’t trust it as a reliable method for them. Adults have highly muscular tails and occasionally are able to prevent their hemipenes from being everted.
Probing Ball Pythons
In direct contrast to popping, probing is a method that works best for adult snakes. They have larger tails and are less delicate. Nonetheless, this method has a higher degree of accuracy than popping overall.
Male vs female Ball Python size
Female Ball Pythons are generally larger than males. In fact, if you have a five foot long (1.5m), 4000gram Ball Python it is probably female. Like their tails, though, their body size varies enormously and sometimes independently of sex.
Ballpythonbreeder.co.uk is your go-to site for solid information on Ball Python care, popular pet reptiles and field herping. All articles are written or approved by Will Bruce – a herpetologist with over 20 years experience keeping, breeding and studying reptiles.
What is the purpose of probing a snake?
Probing is a method of investigating the size of the cloacal vent in snakes, including ball pythons, to tell the reptile’s gender.
Why does a male ball python tail stay the same size?
Females don’t have these organs here. As a result of having the organs, the male’s tail shape is affected to make room for and protect the sex organs. The male’s tail stays about the same size until right before the tail ends. At the end, the tails size tapers quickly to the point. Overall, this gives the male ball python a thicker-looking tail.
How to tell a Python ball's gender?
When telling a ball python’s gender without probing, the tail is the place to look. A male ball python’s tail is thicker until the end, while the female’s tail is thin and tapers off more gradually. You may also be able to look for spurs at the end of the python’s tail, and the males’ are bigger. Look ahead for more details ...
How many hemipenes does a male squid have?
It’s best to do this with a male and female of similar size in person, but looking at various images will give a good idea. Male has two hemipenes at the end of their tails. This is what they use when they lock and mate with females.
What happens if a dog's probe is too big?
If the probe is too large, it may injure the pet.
Why do males use spurs?
Males use them more as the spurs help position them when locking to mate with a female.
What happens at the end of a tail?
At the end, the tails size tapers quickly to the point.
How to tell how old a Python ball is?
You can tell a ball python’s age by measuring its weight and length. You can also observe the patterns on its body to get an approximate of its age.
How long do ball Pythons live?
In captivity, the average lifespan of ball pythons is up to 30 years. But they can also survive more than that as it has been proven before with the record of a ball python being alive for 48 years.
How long does it take for a Python program to mature?
A female ball python is expected to reach sexual maturity when she’s 27 to 31 months and for a male ball python, it takes 16 to 18 months. But know that, a female ball python won’t reach sexual maturity if she is not at a weight that’s ideal for a 27 ...
How old is a ball Python?
If your ball python is three to ten years old, their colors and pattern will be bright and symmetrical. On the other hand, ball pythons of ages between ten to twenty years, won’t have patterns as symmetrical as before and will also seem a little faded. And once they cross twenty, their colors and patterns will fade even more.
Is a ball Python longer than a male Python?
As female ball pythons tend to be longer than male ball pythons, their age differs with length. In the table below I’ve presented the probable age of ball pythons based on its sex and length. Ball Python’s Age. Length of Female Ball Python. Length of Male Ball Python.
Can Python lay straight?
They won’t lay straight for you. And forcing them to be straight would be a bad idea as your python will get stressed and may lash at you. So, getting readings can be a tough task. You can use a free online tool called Serpwidgets to digitally measure your ball python’s length.
Do snakes have a biological clock?
Snakes are very adaptive to their surroundings. So, their biological clock is heavily influenced by their environment. Weight plays a vital role to determine when a ball python will reach sexual maturity. So, the timeline of reaching sexual maturity differs from male ball python to female.
How Old Can A Ball Python Breed?
As we touched on before, it’s not a matter of “how old” but “how much does the python weigh?”
How long do Python balls live?
Ball pythons are one of the longer-lived snakes. Given a healthy diet and freedom from injury or illness, the average ball python pet lives up to 30 years. It’s not uncommon for them to live even longer. Getting one of these pets is a long-term commitment, but they’re fortunately quite easy to care for.
How old is a 3 foot ball Python?
This is when many pet stores tend to sell them. Let’s address this question directly then. A 3′ foot ball python is around 1.5 – 2 years old. This is old enough almost to be considered an adult with some growing left to do. As far as diet goes, this when the snake settles into its adult eating habit.
How to tell if a Python ball is old?
Head Size Relative To Body. The other way to tell age past adulthood is concerning their head size relative to the rest of their body. Much like humans’ noses and ears continue growing slightly throughout our lives, a ball python’s head will continue to grow as well.
Is a breeder better than a vet?
Breeders may be even better than vets in this case. Chances are, a breeder will have seen a lot of ball pythons at a lot of different ages and may even have them there. It’s not unheard for a breeder to directly compare with the different ages they own to give a specific age.
Do wild Pythons have scars?
This method only works with wild ball pythons. Wild pythons have run-ins with predators and the environment in general. Over time, they gain scratches and scars, which indicate how old they are. Ball pythons with many of these are quite old, while those without are young adults.
When do males reach sexual maturity?
Males will generally reach their sexual maturity at one and a half years of age.