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is justify male or female

is justify male or female插图

What is the best definition of justify?

Definition of justify. transitive verb. 1 a : to prove or show to be just, right, or reasonable trying to justify his selfish behavior I shouldn't have to justify myself to them. justify the ways of God to man — John Milton. b (1) : to show to have had a sufficient legal reason.

Should genital cutting be ethically justified?

If someone is capable of consenting to genital cutting but declines to do so, no type or degree of expected benefit, health-related or otherwise, can ethically justify the imposition of such cutting.

Are new categories of sex and gender measurement enough?

New categories are not enough: rethinking the measurement of sex and gender in social surveys. Gender Soc. 2015;29:534–560. doi:10.1177/0891243215584758. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar] 40.

Why is gender a multifaceted construct?

This is because gender is a multifaceted and fluid construct, influenced in a temporal manner by social and cultural contexts and environments to create gender norms [6, 7, 11, 28, 30–35].

What does justify mean?

English Language Learners Definition of justify. : to provide or be a good reason for (something) : to prove or show (something) to be just, right, or reasonable. : to provide a good reason for the actions of (someone) technical : to position (text) so that the edges form a straight line. See the full definition for justify in ...

What does "maintain" mean?

maintain, assert, defend, vindicate, justify mean to uphold as true, right, just, or reasonable. maintain stresses firmness of conviction. steadfastly maintained his innocence assert suggests determination to make others accept one's claim. asserted her rights defend implies maintaining in the face of attack or criticism. defended his voting record vindicate implies successfully defending. his success vindicated our faith in him justify implies showing to be true, just, or valid by appeal to a standard or to precedent. the action was used to justify military intervention

Is the fact that we are at war a justified reason for treating innocent people as criminals?

The fact that we are at war does not justify treating innocent people as criminals. Recent Examples on the Web Paranoid fantasy used to justify attacks on trans people, both in the streets and in legislative chambers.

What is institutionalized gender?

The institutionalized aspect of gender also shapes social norms that define, reproduce, and often justify different expectations and opportunities for men and women.

What are the variables used to determine gender roles?

Other variables such as occupation [45], primary breadwinner status, time doing household chores and caregiving responsibilities can also be used to capture gender roles in data collection and analysis [46].

What is gender role?

Represent the behavioral norms applied to men and women in society, which influence individuals’ everyday actions, expectations, and experiences. Gender roles often categorize and define individuals within the family, the labour force, or the educational system. May form the basis for stereotypes.

Do authors have competing interests?

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

How to become a transactional leader?

To become a transactional leader, one needs to provide employees with clear instructions and explain what he or she expects from them. It’s also important to develop a certain strategic framework so that members of the team can understand the value of their contribution. Transactional leaders also create little competition within their teams to make the working process more exciting.

What are some examples of gender stereotypes?

Another example of gender stereotypes is a different perception of the same behavior depending on who it comes from. When male leaders take unpopular decisions, it doesn’t make them less likable by employees, as the latter perceive them as leaders who do their job.

What is the sad tendency of women to sabotage other women's success?

In addition, successful women often sabotage other women’s success. This sad tendency is known as “ queen-bee syndrome .” Women are very competitive with each other, and many female employees feel more competent when they see an opportunity to smear their female leader.

Why do men suggest ideas?

Numerous studies also revealed another problem, when men suggest some ideas regarding their team, they are perceived as leaders and their ideas get more attention. At the same time, when women make the same suggestions using the same language, their ideas are not appreciated in the same way.

Why do women quit their jobs?

Specialists who have a higher income are usually considered more competent, so they are also perceived as better candidates for top positions. As men have a higher level of income, women are also more likely to quit their jobs in order to take care of their children .

Why are women better than men?

According to statistics, European and American senior-level executives agree that women have more developed skills associated with encouraging and supporting, while men are considered better at decision-making and problem-solving. Men are associated with leadership qualities, and many employees think of men as of those who can be incharge.

When a team achieves success, do female leaders give credit for it to the employees?

When a team achieves success, female leaders give credit for it to the employees, without overemphasizing their personal contribution. However, when some project fails, they are more likely to blame themselves, thinking that they are not competent enough.

Abstract

The WHO, American Academy of Pediatrics and other Western medical bodies currently maintain that all medically unnecessary female genital cutting of minors is categorically a human rights violation, while either tolerating or actively endorsing medically unnecessary male genital cutting of minors, especially in the form of penile circumcision.

Introduction

There has been an explosion of research, in recent years, on the ethics of medically unnecessary child genital cutting practices.

Medical necessity as a threshold criterion

According to the authors of a recent international consensus statement, the ethics of female, male, and intersex genital cutting ‘must be considered together’ 1 (p21). In support of this view, the authors note that, despite various differences between them, the practices still share certain morally relevant features.

The cultural context of science

This is not a hypothetical or abstract concern. Rather, claims of health benefit are already regularly raised by defenders of female ‘circumcision’ in cultures that practise both male and female genital cutting together.

The moral irrelevance of health benefits

How should we think about the relevance of potential health benefits to a moral analysis of child genital cutting? According to the ethicist Eike-Henner Kluge, in order to answer this question we first must ask ourselves whether it is morally appropriate to perform such cutting ‘because there is some statistical evidence that a potentially curable disease with a low incidence rate may be prevented by surgery, even though the disease also occurs in people who have undergone the surgery and the incidence rate of the disease in countries where the surgery is not routinely performed is similar to [or less than] that in countries where it is?’ If the answer is ‘yes’, Kluge continues, ‘then the same underlying principle should be applied to all similar cases.’ But if one actually did this, ‘all sorts of medical conditions would be implicated [and] I suspect that we would be operating nonstop on just about every part of the human body’ 121 (p1542)..

Religion and motivated cognition

According to Yale psychologist Dan Kahan, when one’s standing within a religious or cultural group depends in part on certain beliefs one may hold, this can generate what he calls ‘motivated cognitions’ relating to ‘policy-relevant facts’ 130 (p408). Experimental studies suggest that such motivated cognitions need not be conscious or intentional:

Conclusion

As Kai Möller has recently forcefully argued, Western societies cannot coherently continue to maintain that non-Western forms of female genital cutting are ‘categorically unacceptable while endorsing a balancing approach to male cutting’ 27 (p532).

What is the pelvic spine?

The pelvic spine is the posterior portion of the pelvis below the lumbar spine, and comprises of the Sacrum and coccyx. The two pelvic bones are connected anteriorly by the pubic symphysis while posteriorly they articulate with the pelvic spine to form the sacroiliac joints. Anatomy Of The Human Pelvis.

Why is the female pelvis wider than the male?

Because the female pelvis is adapted for childbirth, it is wider than the male pelvis, as evidenced by the distance between the anterior superior iliac spines . The ischial tuberosities of females are also farther apart, which increases the size of the pelvic outlet.

What are the two bones that make up the pelvis?

The pelvis is usually divided into two separate anatomic regions: the pelvic girdle and the pelvic spine. The pelvic girdle, also referred to as the hip bone, is composed of three fused bones: the ilium, ischium and the pubic bone. The pelvic spine is the posterior portion of the pelvis below the lumbar spine, and comprises of the Sacrum and coccyx.

What are the bones of the pelvis?

The pelvis bones include the hip bones, sacrum and coccyx. The anatomy of the pelvis varies depending on whether you are male or female. In males, the pelvis is narrower, higher and more compact than that of their female counterpart. It is designed for bipedal movement rather than pregnancy and childbirth.

Which is shallower, the pelvis or the pubic symphysis?

The acetabula are smaller and look more distinctly foward. The sciatic notches are wider and shallower. The pubic symphysis is less deep.

Which pelvis is smaller?

Male pelvis is smaller and narrower with heavier and thicker bones. It has a longer and narrower sacrum. The pelvis has a heart-shaped pelvic inlet. It consist of an acetabulum that is larger. Ilium of male pelvis is more vertical with more curved iliac crest. In Male pelvis, ischial tuberosity is longer, close together ...

Which bone is thicker, pelvis or hip?

In general, the bones of the male pelvis are thicker and heavier, adapted for support of the male’s heavier physical build and stronger muscles. The greater sciatic notch of the male hip bone is narrower and deeper than the broader notch of females.

What is Male Karyotype?

The male karyotype is the chromosomal picture of a male characterized by the 23 rd chromosome pair. The 23 rd pair which is the sex chromosome pair has a long X chromosome and a shorter Y chromosome. Male karyotypes are used to identify chromosomal defects in males. The karyotyping test is done for the growing fetus to confirm the gender of the fetus. And also to identify chromosomal defects in males at an early development stages of life.

What are the two stains used to identify chromosomes in male and female karyotypes?

Stains used to identify chromosomes in male and female karyotypes are Giemsa and Quinacrine. The main purpose of a male or female karyotype is to identify the sex of an individual and to determine defects in chromosomes. Defects in male or female karyotypes result in physiological and clinical manifestations.

What is the 23rd chromosome?

The male karyotype testing is done to identify the chromosomal aberrations present in males which is characterized by the 23rd chromosome pair consisting of an X and a Y chromosome and the female karyotypes reveal information on chromosomal aberrations of females which is characterized by the 23rd chromosome pair having two X chromosomes in it.

Why do we use female karyotypes?

Female karyotypes are used to identify chromosomal aberrations in females. Similar to male karyotyping, female karyotyping is done for the growing fetus, to confirm the gender and identify chromosomal defects in females at the early development stages of the life.

Why do we do karyotyping?

The karyotyping test is done for the growing fetus to confirm the gender of the fetus. And also to identify chromosomal defects in males at an early development stages of life. Karyotypes are prepared from chromosomes extracted from a specific cell during the meta phase or the prometaphase.

What are the two types of karyotypes?

There are two types of karyotype; the male and female karyotypes. Karyotyping of a genome is done to identify the defects in chromosomes which are referred to as chromosomal aberrations. In Karyotype testing, a wide snapshot of the individual’s chromosomes is taken in order to observe the pairing and ordering of chromosomes.

What is the most common stain used in karyotyping?

The most common stain used in karyotyping is Giemsa. The field of chromosome analysis is known as Cytogenetics, and these chromosomal pictures reveal information about important genetic diseases such as Down’s syndrome, Klinefelter’s syndrome, and different ploidy conditions, etc. Karyotypes can be mainly of two types.

Why is it important to use a multi step approach?

Using this approach enables a researcher to include transgender categories and also gives enough importance to mention any other gender identity. Moreover, using a multi-step approach is much faster to complete for a respondent than using a single step approach. Furthermore, adding ‘rather not say’ gives the respondent a feeling of this being voluntary and not a forced question, which can give a good response ratefor the survey.

Why are gender questions important?

Gender survey questions are one of the most important and sensitive demographic questions and help you to understand the reasons for the choices that a respondent makes. Learn about how to word gender questions and where to place them to perform effective survey research.

How many transgender people are there in the US?

According to a 2016 study conducted in the United States, it was observed that 0.6% of all adults or about 1.4 million people identify as transgender. So, on average, it is wise to expect that if a survey is sent to 500 participants, there will be at least 3 transgenders among them. Also, some states in the US have a higher density of transgender than 0.6%.

What is a trigender?

Trigender (shifts in three genders) Intersex (physical, hormonal or genetic features of male and female) Not Sure. Rather not say. Other (please specify) Considering the long list of genders that are accepted in today’s world, it is difficult to understand which of these have to be included and which are not.

Why do we ask gender questions?

Asking gender questions enable you to ensure that your sample is representative or to study the gender effects on your research.

What is the difference between sexual orientation and gender?

Gender – This refers to what the person feels he is in a psychological sense, regardless of what sex a person was assigned at birth. Sexual orientation – This refers to emotional, physical and sexual attraction to other people and does not fall under the gender questions category but is affiliated with it.

How much density is transgender?

Also, some states in the US have a higher density of transgender than 0.6%. Furthermore, it has also been proven, that transgender is not a trait that you get once you are an adult, but it is a deeply held identity right from childhood.

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