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what causes increased estrogen in males

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Causes of High Estrogen#1. Obesity or Weight Gain The first,and probably most common,cause of high estrogen in men is due to obesity (10). ...#2. Excessive Testosterone (from TRT) Another increasingly important cause of high testosterone is from the use of Testosterone Replacement Therapy (11). ...#3. Exposure to Endocrine Disruptors ...#4. Diet (Dairy and Soy products) ...

Can some foods reduce estrogen in men?

Summary: Phytoestrogens present in soy helps in the removal of excess estrogen from your body. Soy also contains isoflavones that block estrogen activity. Adding soy to your daily diet can also reduce the risk of prostate cancer in men.

Why do men have high estrogen levels?

With age, lifestyle, and other factors our body naturally increases the amount of aromatase enzyme which leads to the high amount of unwanted estrogen hormone in the body. Diet: Our diet has a direct effect on the estrogen production in the body.

What are the symptoms of high estrogen in men?

The most common high estrogen symptoms in men include:Sexual dysfunction (low libido,decreased morning erections,decreased erectile function)Enlarged breastsLower urinary tract symptoms associated with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)Increased abdominal fat (can also be a symptom of low estrogen)Feeling tiredLoss of muscle massEmotional disturbances,especially depressionType 2 diabetes

How do you increase estrogen levels in men?

Part 3 Part 3 of 3: Using Herbal RemediesTake chasteberry supplements. This herb can be found in pill form in most health stores. ...Choose foods that are high in phytoestrogens. Phytoestrogens act like an estrogen substitute in the body and occur naturally in several plants and herbs.Make an herbal tea. ...Eat flax seeds. ...

What enzyme converts androgens into estrogen?

Aromatase enzyme: This is an enzyme that converts the androgens into estrogen. This causes a rise in the estrogen level which is again a serious problem. With age, lifestyle, and other factors our body naturally increases the amount of aromatase enzyme which leads to the high amount of unwanted estrogen hormone in the body.

What happens to estrogen as you age?

With age, the estrogen levels in a man's body increase and testosterone levels decrease. This is an inevitable truth and one has to go through this.

What hormones are released during stress?

Stress: A human body releases cortisol hormone under a stressful situation. In men, this hormone suppresses other central hormones such as testosterone. As the testosterone level depletes, the estrogen level soars. Living a stress-free life may not be possible, but mindful management of stress is certainly possible.

How does diet affect estrogen production?

Diet: Our diet has a direct effect on the estrogen production in the body. Consuming a diet high in refined carbohydrates can increase the body fat. The body fat contains the aromatase enzyme. For this reason, as the fat in our body increases, the estrogen level too increases.

Do men have estrogen?

Both men and women have estrogen hormone in them. We often associate men with only the testosterone hormone. But in reality, both estrogen and testosterone are required for the proper functioning and development of their sexual organs. A right balance between these key reproductive hormones is essential for optimal health in men. But sometimes, these hormones become imbalanced, causing a lot of health issues. A rise in estrogen levels can lead to a range of health difficulties from increased body fat to anxiety in men.

Does fat make estrogen?

Excessive fat: As mentioned earlier, fat can produce estrogen. Men with increased fat in the waist area are at high risk of estrogen dominance in their body.

What Causes High Estrogen in Men?

A number of factors can throw the estrogen/testosterone balance out of whack in males, leading to high estrogen symptoms. Some of these factors include:

How to keep estrogen levels balanced?

The best-researched treatments for how to reduce estrogen levels in males and improving estrogen balance are: Eat cruciferous vegetables multiple times per week.

How do you know if you have high estrogen?

However, the most eight most common symptoms of high estrogen in men include: Sexual dysfunction ( low libido, decreased morning erections, decreased erectile function) Enlarged breasts.

What is the role of estrogen in men?

Estrogen in men plays an important role in the regulation of testosterone, several brain functions, bone health, skin health, sexual function/libido, cardiovascular function, and cholesterol regulation. Normally in men, testosterone and estrogen are maintained in the correct balance. When estrogen levels in men increase, ...

How to reduce estrogen levels in men?

Increasing fiber, exercising, and reducing weight are also important natural treatments for reducing high estrogen symptoms in men.

How often should I eat cruciferous vegetables?

Eat cruciferous vegetables multiple times per week. Cruciferous vegetables, such as broccoli, cauliflower, cabbage, Brussels sprouts, bok choy, and turnip greens, contain high amounts of glucosinolates, which the body transforms into bioactive compounds that help to decrease estrogen activity and increase estrogen detoxification.

What is the best supplement for cruciferous vegetables?

Supplement with indole-3-car binol (I3C) and 3,3′-diindolylmethane (DIM). Cruciferous vegetable intake can be supplemented with their most beneficial compounds, I3C (200 mg per day) and DIM (100 mg per day), in supplement form. Get enough vitamin B12, folate, betaine, and choline.

What is a Normal Estradiol Level in Men?

Normal estradiol levels in adult cis men vary depending on who you ask, but they can be anywhere between 10-40 picograms per milliliter to 20-55 picograms per milliliter.

What hormones are produced during stress?

Cortisol is the main hormone produced in the stress response. DHEA and cortisol are also both the most common adrenal hormones. Chronic and consistent stress can lead to a constant flood of cortisol , which acts to suppress other body systems and hormones. In cis men, cortisol can suppress testosterone production, which can allow for increased estradiol production.

What hormones are elevated in cis men?

One of these hormones is estradiol. If you know about the DHEA hormone, then you’ll see that it is a hormone precursor to estradiol. In cis men, estradiol levels are typically low, but they can become elevated for different reasons. Learn more about estradiol and how it can get high below.

How does a man produce estradiol?

Cis men produce estradiol with help from the enzyme aromatase. Aromatase essentially breaks down and converts free testosterone in the blood into estrogen in men. Estradiol is a byproduct of this process. Aromatase is found in the brain, adrenal glands, testicles, and some fatty tissue.

How to increase testosterone levels?

Regular exercise is one of the surest methods to rebalance your hormones and keep your estradiol in check. Exercise may help to increase testosterone levels in both the short- and long-term. Strength training and lifting weights are believed to have a more significant effect on testosterone as increased muscle mass results in increased testosterone production, but all forms of exercise count.

What are the three estrogen hormones?

There are three estrogen hormones: estrol, estriol, and estradiol. Estradiol is the most prominent form of estrogen in both males and females, and it is the most potent of the three estrogen hormones. In cis men, estradiol is likely the only type of estrogen that you need to worry about.

How to reduce fat cells?

Maintaining a regular workout routine can also help to reduce fat cells. This can reduce the amount of aromatase enzyme, which may then help to reduce the amount of testosterone that gets converted into the estrogen hormone.

How to reduce estrogen secondary to TRT?

You can go reducing estrogen secondary to TRT by taking an estrogen blocker, increasing metabolism of estrogen through the use of supplements or by reducing your testosterone dose. #3. Exposure to Endocrine Disruptors.

How does stress affect sleep?

High levels of stress, beyond what would be considered normal for you, can impact your sleep, increase your risk of insulin resistance, lower testosterone and increase estrogen (20) . Manage your stress with meditation or other mindfulness techniques.

How to test for estrogen?

The best way to test for estrogen is to order a high sensitivity estradiol serum level .

What hormones bind to and reduce the activity of sex hormones?

Sex hormone binding globulin , or SHBG for short, binds to and reduces the activity of sex hormones (which includes testosterone). So high estrogen may stimulate SHBG release from the liver which may then bind to and inactive testosterone.

Why is estrogen so high in men?

I've included a list of the most common causes of high estrogen in men below: #1. Obesity or Weight Gain. The first, and probably most common, cause of high estrogen in men is due to obesity (10). Even a small amount of adipose tissue can cause this issue in men.

What are the symptoms of high estrogen in men?

Symptoms associated with high estrogen in men: Soft musculature and loss of muscle tone. Female body fat distribution (Body fat on the breasts, hips, thighs, arms, etc.) #2. Symptoms associated with low testosterone in men : Weight gain, especially abdominal fat. Inability to sustain erections or erectile dysfunction.

Why do men have low testosterone?

Stress, even low levels of stress, from work life, family life or other places, may be causing both low testosterone and high estrogen in certain men. Your ability to tolerate stress is known as your "stress resilience" and this resilience may fade over time and with hormone dysregulation.

What Is Estrogen Dominance?

The hormone estrogen plays an essential role in both males and females. It regulates numerous body systems like the reproductive system, brain, muscle, bones, and even immunity.

5 Causes Of Estrogen Dominance In Men

As we grow, our body undergoes several changes. One of these changes is in certain hormone levels like estrogen, testosterone, and even thyroid hormone.


Many factors can cause the imbalance of estrogen in the body. These include increasing age, leaky gut, exposure to xenoestrogens, stress, aromatization, and high levels of fat.

What foods are rich in phytoestrogens?

The majority of research links phytoestrogens to positive health effects. Examples of such foods include flaxseed, soybeans, dates, apricots, sesame seeds, garlic, berries, peaches, tofu, tempeh and cruciferous vegetables like cauliflower.

What is the most common estrogen used in transgender women?

Prescription estrogen preparations are available for use in males. The most common estrogens used in transgender women include estradiol (the predominant natural estrogen in women) and estradiol esters such as estradiol valerate and estradiol cypionate.

How to increase estrogen levels in the body?

To increase estrogen in your body, include these foods in your diet: Flaxseeds: These golden yellow to reddish-brown seeds of flax top the list of foods containing phytoestrogens. They contain incredibly large amounts of phytoestrogens called lignans, which boost body estrogen levels.

What is the role of estrogen in women?

In females, it is primarily responsible for the development of feminine secondary sexual characteristics like breasts, wide hips, a feminine pattern of fat distribution and reproductive health.

Why is parenteral route preferred?

Parenteral routes are preferred due to a minimal or negligible risk of blood clots and cardiovascular issues associated with estrogen therapy.

What is estrogen therapy for prostate cancer?

This therapy is aimed at providing patients with a more satisfying body that is more aligned with their gender identity and reducing the distress associated with gender dysphoria. Treatment of Prostate cancer: due to its antiandrogenic property, estrogens have been given to males to successfully treat prostate cancer.

Which herbal supplement contains apigenin?

Chasteberry: contains a phytoestrogen called apigenin. It was found to exhibit estrogenic effects at the dosages of 0.6 and 1.2 grams/kilogram of body weight. Red Clover: an herbal supplement that contains organic compounds known as isoflavones that may mimic estrogen in the body.

What enzyme converts androgens into testosterone and estrogen?

A rise in aromatase enzyme — Aromatase is the enzyme that converts androgens, a group of hormones, into testosterone and estrogen. However, certain lifestyle choices, like alcohol consumption and smoking, or physical issues like obesity, can increase the activity of this enzyme. When the aromatase enzyme increases due to these factors, it spikes estrogen levels in men.

Why do men get osteoporosis?

Many men are at risk of osteoporosis as they age because of declining testosterone levels. However, men with high estrogen levels are equally likely to develop low bone density early on in their lives.

Why do men sweat at night?

When men have low testosterone levels, the resulting high levels of estrogen cause excessive sweating in the same way that menopausal women experience night sweats and hot flashes during the night.

What is the term for the enlargement of the pectoral muscles?

Gynecomastia is the scientific term for the enlargement or swelling of tissue around a male’s pectoral muscles. When estrogen levels are too high — or out of balance with testosterone levels in the body — men can develop the dreaded “saggy breast” syndrome.

Why is infertility not a symptom of high estrogen?

Infertility is not the most common symptom of high estrogen in males, but that’s because infertility in men could relate to a host of other issues like stress, genetic conditions, or health problems like diabetes.

What hormones do men need to be in balance?

However, men’s bodies, like women’s, need an optimal hormone balance between testosterone, progesterone, and estrogen to function well. When these hormone levels are thrown off balance, chaos ensues.

What hormones help with puberty?

Estrogen is a hormone that helps the female body develop during puberty, and, together with progesterone, supports the menstrual cycle during a woman’s child-bearing years.

what causes increased estrogen in males
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